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Project Overview

Since 2011 the international joint research project "1914-1918-online. International Encyclopedia of the First World War" has been developing an English-language virtual reference work on the First World War. Released in October 2014, the online encyclopedia is the result of an international collaborative project to make available a multi-perspective, public-access knowledge base on the First World War.

Experts from more than 50 countries are contributing to 1914-1918-online.net

Experts from more than 50 countries are contributing to 1914-1918-online.net

Institutional background

The project management is located at Freie Universität Berlin (Germany). Project leaders are Prof. Dr. Oliver Janz, historian at the Friedrich-Meinecke-Institut (FMI) of Freie Universität Berlin, and Prof. Dr. Nicolas Apostolopoulos, director of the Center for Digital Systems (CeDiS), also at Freie Universität Berlin. The third institution involved in administrating this project is the Bavarian State Library (BSB) in Munich. The German Historical Institutes in London, Moscow, Paris, Rome, and Warsaw, as well as the Orient Institute in Istanbul are also important contributors. Renowned international experts in historical scholarship write the articles for the encyclopedia. The Editorial Board, made up of around 90 well-known historians from 22 countries, is responsible for the assessment and quality management of the authors’ contributions. Under the programme "Scientific Library and Information Systems", the German Research Foundation (DFG) has supported the project with a grant of around 1 million Euros.

Research Approach

For the past century the image of the First World War has primarily focused on Central and Western Europe. However, WWI was not only a pan-European war, but was rather the first global war: it was a world-wide economic war in which numerous non-European states participated and for which the European powers mobilized the resources of their colonial empires. These perspectives are an important factor in the encyclopedia. Thus, “1914-1918-online” not only reflects the increasingly international research on the First World War, but also significantly advances it by identifying gaps and desiderata.

Open Access

"1914-1918-online" represents a major undertaking in digital history publication under the Open Access paradigm by promoting free and unlimited dissemination of the content to individual users, search engines, and reference services. This availability is complemented by novel navigation schemes that allow the user non-linear access throughout the text via thematic contexts, regional contexts and conceptual encyclopedia entries (e.g. 'Propaganda'). The platform is designed to enable users to follow threads according to their specific interests, integrating a broad range of texts from various contexts. Visualizations of thematic connections encourages the navigation of the encyclopedia in ways that expand on the standards of current digital history publications.

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